حکایت نگاری و باز گردانی و باز نویسی

یکشنبه 11 آبان 1393 06:49 ب.ظ

نویسنده : عباس زیدآبادی نژاد

 

حکایت نگاری اهداف و اصول آن 

 

اهداف حکایت نگاری:

 

1ـ تقویت سواد ادراکی دانش آموزان ودرک و فهم مناسب متون کهن

 

2ـتقویت شناخت ساختار زبان فارسی و به کار گیری آن در حکایت نگاری به زبان ساده

 

3ـایجاد فرصت برای ساده نویسی از طریق حکایت ها

 

4ـ کسب مهارت درنوشتن از طریق باز گردانی و باز نویسی حکایت

 

5ـ آشنایی با مضامین حکایت های کهن

 

اصول حکایت نگاری:

 

1ـ در حکایت نگاری از باز گردانی و باز نویسی استفاده می کنیم یعنی متن کهن را به زبان ساده ترجمه می کنیم(بازگردانی) و سپس متن را با صفت،مضاف الیه ، بدل وقید و جملات معترضه و... گسترش می دهیم.

بازگردانی چیست: برگرداندن شعر و نثر گذشته را به نثر امروزی می گویند.یعنی محتوا و پیام نوشته را به زبانی ساده و قابل فهم مطرح کنیم.

 

                                                                                      شرایط یا اصول بازگردانی:

 

1ـ مضمون و محتوای نوشته (نظم ،نثر) به خوبی منتقل شود.

 

2ـ برخی از کاربردهای دستور تاریخی با توجه به دستور زبان امروز معادل سازی شود.

 

3ـاصطلاحات کهن و دشوار به شیوه امروزی جایگزین می شود.

 

به طور کلی یعنی پیام را به زبانی ساده بیان کنیم.

 

 

باز نویسی:

 

برگرداندن متون ادبی قدیم را به زبان معیار همراه با افزودن و گسترش و شاخ و برگ دادن به آن به قصد زیبایی می گویند.

درباز نویسی علاوه بر بازگردانی(امروزی بودن)به توصیف چهره ها،صحنه هاو حالات می پردازیم که در واقع یک نوی صحنه سازی است.

 

اصول باز نویسی:

 

1ـزبان نوشته امروزی و قابل فهم می گردد.

 

2ـ مطلب به کمک چهره ها و حالت ها پرورانده می شود.

 

3ـ رویدادها بازسازی شده و تجسم می یابند.

 

4ـ پیام های اصیل و محتوا حفظ می گردد.

 

5ـ برای باز سازی، متون از میان آثار با ارزش ادب گذشته انتخاب می شود.

 

بسیاری از نویسندگان و هنرمندان شاهکار های خود را در قالب های امروزی(فیلم، نمایشنامه،داستان کوتاه) باز سازی می کنند.

 

همکاران گرامی توجه داشته باشند فعالیت های سوم(جلسه سوم) از کتاب مهارت های نوشتاری که شامل حکایت نگاری است باید از طریق بازگردانی وبازنویسی به زبان معیار امروزی  نوشته شود و این کار توسط دانش آموزان برای حکایت های کتاب درکلاس انجام گیرد که مدت زمان آن با داوری ونقد یک جلسه کامل می باشد.اگر دانش آموزان در در این مرحله ،ساختارمندی (نقشه نوشتن) را رعایت نکنند،نباید سرزنش شوند زیرا ذوق و احساسات تأثیر بیشتری دارد ودر بازنویسی حکایت رعایت ساختارمندی زیاد جالب نیست.

فعالیت های مربوط به حکایت نگاری در کتاب ، سه تاست (درس ها ی2،5،8)

 




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